The stock of migrant workers in the GCC has reached over 22 million in 2013 which constitute 46% of the total population in the GCC States.1 In Saudi Arabia migrant workers constitute 27% of the total workforce while Oman 29%, Bahrain 54%, Kuwait 61%, Qatar and the UAE 89% each. Contrary, the number of documented migrant workers in Malaysia is around 2.3 million (about 19%) amongst about 12 millions total workforce in the country.
2 The figure is likely to double if the illegally employed migrant workers in Malaysia are included.3 Most of the migrant workers fill in the low-skilled job categories mainly in agriculture, construction, plantation, manufacturing, services and housemaids those are treated – dirty, dangerous and demeaning – and those the local citizens shun, making the countries especially the GCC highly dependent on migrants. Report indicates that Policy Review: Mandatory Health Test of Migrant Workers these migrant workers together with natural resources like oil are the pillars on which the GCCwealth is built in.
1 The research entitled “Foreign Labour on Malaysian Growth”v indicates that Malaysia can gain benefit from the long-term employment of both semi-skilled and skilled foreign labour than the locals. Countries of origin also benefit from the deployment of its surplus workforce as remittances are a relatively constant and reliable source of income for them. Data show that around 2 million people enter into the labour market in Bangladesh every year against only 500,000 new jobs created for.
Hence, Bangladesh has become
one of the major labour origin
countries in South Asia with,
average, 400,000 annual
deployment of its workforce.
Remittances sent by the
Bangladeshi migrant workers
contribute about 12% of its annual
GDP, considered as one of the major drivers of the country’s